Reliable Estimation of the Intra-Voxel Incoherent Motion Parameters of Brain Diffusion Imaging Using θ-Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization
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Intra-voxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging can characterize diffusion and perfusion of tissues. Traditionally, the least-square method has been used to determine IVIM parameters consisting of pure diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*) and the micro-vascular volume fraction (f). This paper proposes an accurate estimation method for IVIM parameters in human brain tissues using θ-teaching-learning-based-optimization (θ-TLBO). θ-TLBO as an evolutionary algorithm provides high quality solutions for parameter estimations in curve fitting problems. Evaluation of the proposed method was performed on simulated data with different levels of noise and experimental data. The estimated parameters were compared with the results of TLBO and three conventional algorithms: Segmented-Unconstrained (“SU”), Segmented-Constrained (“SC”) and “Full”. The results show that the proposed θ-TLBO has higher accuracy, precision and robustness than other methods in estimating parameters of simulated and experimental data in human brain images especially in low SNR images according to analysis of variance (ANOVA), coefficient of variation (CV), relative bias and relative root mean square errors.
KeywordsHuman brain, Intra-Voxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM), diffusion, perfusion, θ-Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization (θ-TLBO).
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2020 vol. 29, č. 1, s. 251-258. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2020/1