Densification of Magnesium Aluminate Spinel Using Manganese and Cobalt Fluoride as Sintering Aids
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Highly dense magnesium aluminate spinel bodies are usually fabricated using pressure-assisted methods, such as spark plasma sintering (SPS), in the presence of lithium fluoride as a sintering aid. The present work investigates whether the addition of transition metal fluorides promotes the sintering of MgAl2O4 bodies during SPS. At the same time, such fluorides can act as a source of optically active dopants. A commercial MgAl2O4 was mixed with 0.5 wt% of LiF, MnF2, and CoF2 and, afterwards, consolidated using SPS at 1400 degrees C. Although MnF2 and CoF2 promote the densification as effectively as LiF, they cause significant grain growth.
KeywordsMgAl2O4, lithium fluoride, cobalt fluoride, manganese fluoride, spark plasma sintering, grain growth
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceMaterials . 2020, vol. 13, issue 1, p. 102-1-102-10.