Metal- and Affinity-Specific Dual Labeling of Cysteine-Rich Proteins for Identification of Metal-Binding Sites
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Here, using human metallothionein (MT2) as an example, we describe an improved strategy based on differential alkylation coupled to MS, assisted by zinc probe monitoring, for identification of cysteine-rich binding sites with nanomolar and picomolar metal affinity utilizing iodoacetamide (IAM) and Nethylmaleimide reagents. We concluded that an SN2 reaction provided by IAM is more suitable to label free Cys residues, avoiding nonspecific metal dissociation. Afterward, metal-bound Cys can be easily labeled in a nucleophilic addition reaction after separation by reverse-phase C18 at acidic pH. Finally, we evaluated the efficiency of the method by mapping metal-binding sites of Zn7-xMT species using a bottom-up MS approach with respect to metal-to-protein affinity and element(al) resolution. The methodology presented might be applied not only for MT2 but to identify metal-binding sites in other Cys-containing proteins.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. 2020, vol. 92, issue 19, p. 12950-12958.
- Chytré nanonástroje