Label-free DNA biosensor using modified reduced graphene oxide platform as a DNA methylation assay
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This work reports the use of modified reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as a platform for a label-free DNA-based electrochemical biosensor as a possible diagnostic tool for a DNA methylation assay. The biosensor sensitivity was enhanced by variously modified rGO. The rGO decorated with three nanoparticles (NPs)-gold (AuNPs), silver (AgNPs), and copper (CuNPs)-was implemented to increase the electrode surface area. Subsequently, the thiolated DNA probe (single-stranded DNA, ssDNA-1) was hybridized with the target DNA sequence (ssDNA-2). After the hybridization, the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) was methylated by M.SssI methyltransferase (MTase) and then digested via a HpaII endonuclease specific site sequence of CpG (5 '-CCGG-3 ') islands. For monitoring the MTase activity, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was used, whereas the best results were obtained by rGO-AuNPs. This assay is rapid, cost-effective, sensitive, selective, highly specific, and displays a low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.06 U center dot mL(-1). Lastly, this study was enriched with the real serum sample, where a 0.19 U center dot mL(-1) LOD was achieved. Moreover, the developed biosensor offers excellent potential in future applications in clinical diagnostics, as this approach can be used in the design of other biosensors.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceMaterials . 2020, vol. 13, issue 21, p. 1-12.
- Chytré nanonástroje