Green synthesis and the stablization of selenium nanoparticles using carboxylmethyl starch
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The growing interest in biodegradable products paves the way for the safest sustainable earth. Starch is an extensively studied, cost-effective, easily accessible, and highly trusted resource to produce biodegradable products in the present and future. However, the exploitation of these starch in several fields requires substantial changes in its chemical functionalities and related properties. Here, we investigated the conditions (pH, temperature, the concentration of starch, concentration of chloroacetate, time, the ratio between starch/sodium hydroxide, etc.) that affect the preparation of carboxymethyl starch (CMS). The chemical structure and degree of substitution of native starch and CMS were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared ( FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), potentiometric titration, Scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR ). CMS's rheological properties show that CMS's intrinsic viscosity increased with increased degrees of substitutions (DS) from CMS (0.05 to 0.45). The CMS with different DS (0.05 to 0.45) was used for the first time to stabilize selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs), showing spherical shape with a high homogenous size of Se-NPs (approx. 50 nm). The NPs shape and size stability were investigated and confirmed by different techniques like Dynamic light scanning (DLS), SEM, and Transmission electron microscope (TEM)
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceProceedings 12th International Conference on Nanomaterials - Research & Application. 2020, p. 433-439.