Visual Diagnosis of the Varroa Destructor Parasitic Mite in Honeybees Using Object Detector Techniques
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The Varroa destructor mite is one of the most dangerous Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) parasites worldwide and the bee colonies have to be regularly monitored in order to control its spread. In this paper we present an object detector based method for health state monitoring of bee colonies. This method has the potential for online measurement and processing. In our experiment, we compare the YOLO and SSD object detectors along with the Deep SVDD anomaly detector. Based on the custom dataset with 600 ground-truth images of healthy and infected bees in various scenes, the detectors reached the highest F1 score up to 0.874 in the infected bee detection and up to 0.714 in the detection of the Varroa destructor mite itself. The results demonstrate the potential of this approach, which will be later used in the real-time computer vision based honey bee inspection system. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first one using object detectors for the Varroa destructor mite detection on a honey bee. We expect that performance of those object detectors will enable us to inspect the health status of the honey bee colonies in real time.
KeywordsVarroa destructor, Apis mellifera, western honey bee, bee health monitoring, object detection, YOLO, SSD, deep learning
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceSENSORS. 2021, vol. 21, issue 8, p. 2764-2780.