Surface Property Tuning of Methylammonium Lead Iodide by Plasma for Use in Planar Perovskite Solar Cells
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The demand for cheap and green energy as a replacement for fossil fuels has never been greater, and perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are among the leading means of meeting it. The surface properties of metal halide perovskite layers play crucial roles in the performance and durability of such cells. Consequently, a wide range of engineering processes for surface modification of perovskite layers has been investigated and among them is atmospheric pressure plasma (APP). Nevertheless, knowledge of the interaction between plasma and perovskite layers is still far from complete. In this work, CH3NH3PbI3 films were subjected to APP generated by a portable plasma source. A detailed understanding of band energy after plasma treatment is crucial to the investigation of the behavior of the perovskite layer. This study demonstrates a remarkable shift in the valence and conduction bands of a perovskite layer after plasma treatment, while band gap energy remains relatively constant. We found that short plasma treatment of perovskite layers resulted in higher performance and stability of PSCs.
Keywordshalide perovskite, atmospheric plasma, surface treatment, photoluminescence, energy band tuning
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceACS OMEGA. 2020, vol. 5, issue 29, p. 18384-18390.