Microstructure evolution of Cu-Fe-based immiscible alloys prepared by powder metallurgy
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The work is focused on the preparation of bulk immiscible Cu-Fe-based alloys by powder metallurgy. Three samples with chemical composition Cu70Fe30, Cu70Fe15Co15, and Cu50Fe25Co25 were prepared by mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering (SPS). Microstructure evolution during sintering and the effect of Co on the resulting microstructure and hardness of the bulk samples were evaluated. Despite the immiscibility of Cu with Fe and Co, the FCC supersaturated solid solution was formed upon mechanical alloying. This supersaturated solid solution was decomposed during SPS and fine microstructure, consisting of separated BCC and FCC phases, was formed. The results showed that cobalt influenced the particle size of milled powders as the particle size of Cu70Fe30 alloy was about an order of magnitude higher compared to other alloys. Cobalt also affected the resulting microstructure of bulk samples, however, its effect on the hardness was negligible. It has been shown that powder metallurgy can be used for the preparation of bulk immiscible alloys with the fine microstructure consists of separate phases, which can be individually alloyed by the selected elements, and therefore, powder metallurgy can be considered as a suitable alternative to the more used casting.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2021, vol. 1178, issue 1, p. 1-6.