Immobilization of Heavy Metals in Natural Zeolite-blended Cement Pastes
Fixace těžkých kovů v cementové pastě s přírodním zeolitem
This paper deals with the investigation of efficiency of natural zeolite-blended cement pastes for the immobilization of heavy metals. Natural zeolite was used to partially replace ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at rates of 0% and 20% by weight of a binder and soluble heavy metal salts were added to a mixing water in an amount of 1% and 5% by weight of the binder. The flexural and compressive strength of the cement pastes were investigated, while the leachability of the heavy metals was determined. Additionally, scanning electron microscopy was performed to investigate the microstructure of the cement pastes, while the pore size distribution was analyzed with mercury intrusion porosimetry. The results indicated that the flexural and compressive strengths of the pastes containing 20 wt.% of natural zeolite were higher than those with OPC alone. It was also found out that the effectiveness in reducing the leachability of Ba, Cd, Cu, Ni and Pb was better for the natural zeolite-blended cement pastes.
Keywordscement paste, heavy metals, immobilization, microstructure, porosity, strength, zeolite, cementová pasta, těžké kovy, imobilizace, mikrostruktura, pórovitost, pevnost, zeolit
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceProcedia Engineering. 2016, vol. 151, issue 1, p. 162-169.