A Matching Pursuit-Based Vehicle Wheel Parameter Extraction Method from Micro-Doppler Radar Signal
Micro-Doppler effects of moving vehicles in a radar system are mainly induced by the rotation of wheels, whose features are closely related to the numbers, positions and radiuses of wheels. These parameters of wheels are critical for the vehicle classification and recog¬nition. However, most micro-Doppler features extraction works of vehicles are unable to explicitly extract parame¬ters of wheels. In this paper, a parameter extraction method of vehicle wheels using micro-Doppler features based on the matching pursuit (MP) is proposed. The mi¬cro-Doppler signals of wheels are generally weak compar¬ing to redundant echo signals induced by other irrelevant parts of the vehicle, which makes the micro-Doppler fea¬tures difficult to extract. In this case, several signal atom sets are created according to the motion states of irrele¬vant parts of vehicle and MP is performed to suppress the redundant signals. After the suppression, micro-Doppler signals induced by wheels have become the major part of the echo signal. Another atom set is generated according to the rotational motion of wheels to perform MP again. Then the wheel parameters, such as the estimated numbers, positions and radiuses, are extracted. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method is feasible in feature extraction of moving vehicle. Besides, the accuracy can be guaranteed when the signal-to-noise ratio is greater than –5 dB.
KeywordsMicro-Doppler, moving vehicle, feature extraction, matching pursuit (MP), radar echo analysis
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2021 vol. 30, č. 4, s. 719-728. ISSN 1210-2512
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