The riddle of orange-red luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glasses
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For over the past two decades it has been believed that the intense orange-red photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped materials originates from Bi2+ ions. Based on the results from magnetic circular polarization experiments, we demonstrate that this hypothesis fails for Bismuth-doped silica glasses. Our findings contradict the generally accepted statement that the orange-red luminescence arises from P-2(3/2)(1)-> P-2(1/2) transition in a divalent Bismuth ion. The degree of magnetic circular polarization of this luminescence exhibits non-monotonic temperature and field dependencies, as well as sign reversal. This complex behaviour cannot be explained under the assumption of a single Bi2+ ion. The detailed analysis enables us to construct a consistent diagram of energy levels involved in the magneto-optical experiments and propose a new interpretation of the nature of orange-red luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass. A centre responsible for this notorious photoluminescence must be an even-electron system with an integer total spin, presumably a dimer of Bismuth ions or a complex consisting of Bi2+ and an oxygen vacancy.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceScientific Reports. 2021, vol. 11, issue 1, p. 1-10.