The Multiple Roles of Polyphosphate in Ralstonia eutropha and Other Bacteria
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An astonishing variety of functions has been attributed to polyphosphate (polyP) in prokaryotes. Besides being a reservoir of phosphorus, functions in exopolysaccharide formation, motility, virulence and in surviving various forms of stresses such as exposure to heat, extreme pH, oxidative agents, high osmolarity, heavy metals and others have been ascribed to polyP. In this contribution, we will provide a historical overview on polyP, will then describe the key proteins of polyP synthesis, the polyP kinases, before we will critically assess of the underlying data on the multiple functions of polyP and provide evidence that - with the exception of a P-storage-function - most other functions of polyP are not relevant for survival of Ralstonia eutropha, a biotechnologically important beta-proteobacterial species.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceMicrobial Physiology. 2021, vol. 31, issue 2, p. 163-177.