LoRaWAN Physical Layer-Based Attacks and Countermeasures, A Review
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As LoRaWAN is one of the most popular long-range wireless protocols among low-power IoT applications, more and more focus is shifting towards security. In particular, physical layer topics become relevant to improve the security of LoRaWAN nodes, which are often limited in terms of computational power and communication resources. To this end, e.g., detection methods for wireless attacks improve the integrity and robustness of LoRaWAN access. Further, wireless physical layer techniques have potential to enhance key refreshment and device authentication. In this work, we aim to provide a comprehensive review of various vulnerabilities, countermeasures and security enhancing features concerning the LoRaWAN physical layer. Afterwards, we discuss the impact of the reviewed topics on LoRaWAN security and, subsequently, we identify research gaps as well as promising future research directions.
KeywordsLoRaWAN, vulnerabilities, security, physical layer, hardware security
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceSENSORS. 2022, vol. 22, issue 9, p. 1-26.
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