Conditions Affecting Wind-Induced PM10 Resuspension as a Persistent Source of Pollution for the Future City Environment
MetadataShow full item record
Air pollution by particulate matter (PM) in cities is an ongoing problem with increasing severity. The biggest PM contributors are traffic and domestic fire burning. With the shift towards electromobility and the use of low-emission fuels, attention should be shifted to less mentioned sources of pollution. Such sources of pollution include wind-induced resuspension. This study focuses on determining the threshold wind speed causing the resuspension of particulate matter (TWSR) with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 mu m. A methodology is introduced that examines how data could be treated to identify its characteristics (for locations where only PM10 data are available). The most significant monitored parameters are air humidity, wind direction, time of the day, and surface type. The characteristic wind speeds causing resuspension are identified in four locations for different times of day. It was proven that at times of intense human activity, particles are lifted by wind more easily. The mean threshold wind speed causing resuspension in the studied urban environment was identified as 1.58 m/s at a height of 2 m above the surface. The wind speeds were also compared with experimental studies of resuspension. The results proved correspondence between the identified wind speeds and the experimental results.
Keywordsparticle re-entrainment, urban air pollution, traffic intensity, measurement processing, characteristic flow velocity
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceSustainability. 2022, vol. 14, issue 15, p. 1-12.