Classification Weighted Deep Neural Network Based Channel Equalization for Massive MIMO-OFDM Systems
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Massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) has attracted significant interest in academia and industry, which can efficiently increase the transmission rate. However, the error rate of conventional channel equalizations in massive MIMO systems may be high owing to the dynamic channel states in practical conditions. To solve this problem, in this paper, we propose an improved channel equalization framework based on the deep neural network (DNN). Based on the analyzed relationship between the input and output of the DNN, the data can be recovered without the channel state information. Furthermore, aiming at reducing the convergence time and enhancing the learning ability of the DNN, a classification weighted algorithm is proposed to optimize the cost function of the DNN, which is named as classification weighted deep neural network (CW-DNN). Simulation results demonstrate that compared to conventional counterparts, the proposed CW-DNN based equalizer can achieve a better normalized mean square error (NMSE). Upon approximating the optimal neural network parameters with the significantly improved convergence speed and reduced training time of the network, under the condition of the fixed learning rate.
KeywordsChannel equalization, classification weighted, deep neural network, massive MIMO, optimization algorithm
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2022 vol. 31, č. 3, s. 346-356. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2022/3