Low temperature 2D GaN growth on Si(111) 7 x 7 assisted by hyperthermal nitrogen ions
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As the characteristic dimensions of modern top-down devices are getting smaller, such devices reach their operational limits imposed by quantum mechanics. Thus, two-dimensional (2D) structures appear to be one of the best solutions to meet the ultimate challenges of modern optoelectronic and spintronic applications. The representative of III-V semiconductors, gallium nitride (GaN), is a great candidate for UV and high-power applications at a nanoscale level. We propose a new way of fabrication of 2D GaN on the Si(111) 7 x 7 surface using post-nitridation of Ga droplets by hyperthermal (E = 50 eV) nitrogen ions at low substrate temperatures (T < 220 degrees C). The deposition of Ga droplets and their post-nitridation are carried out using an effusion cell and a special atom/ion beam source developed by our group, respectively. This low-temperature droplet epitaxy (LTDE) approach provides well-defined ultra-high vacuum growth conditions during the whole fabrication process resulting in unique 2D GaN nanostructures. A sharp interface between the GaN nanostructures and the silicon substrate together with a suitable elemental composition of nanostructures was confirmed by TEM. In addition, SEM, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), AFM and Auger microanalysis were successful in enabling a detailed characterization of the fabricated GaN nanostructures.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceNANOSCALE ADVANCES. 2022, vol. 1, issue 1, p. 1-8.