Requirements for Hybrid Technology Enabling the Production of High-Precision Thin-Wall Castings
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Prototypes and small series production of metal thin-walled components is a field for the use of a number of additive technologies. This method has certain limits related to the size and price of the parts, productivity, or the type of requested material. On the other hand, conventional production methods encounter the limits of shape, which are currently associated with the implementation of optimization methods such as topological optimization or generative design. An effective solution is employing hybrid technology, which combines the advantages of 3D model printing and conventional casting production methods. This paper describes the design of aluminum casting using topological optimization and technological co-design for the purpose of switching to new manufacturing technology. It characterizes the requirements of hybrid technology for the material and properties of the model in relation to the production operations of the investment casting technology. Optical roughness measurement compares the surface quality in a standard wax model and a model obtained by additive manufacturing (AM) of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) using the binder jetting method. The surface quality results of the 3D printed model evaluated by measuring the surface roughness are lower than for the standard wax model; however, they still meet the requirements of prototype production technology. The measurements proved that the PMMA model has half the thermal expansion in the measured interval compared to the wax model, which was confirmed by minimal shape deviations in the dimensional analysis.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceMaterials . 2022, vol. 15, issue 11, p. 3805-3805.