New Universal Current-mode Biquad Using Only Three ZC-CFTAs
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The objective of this paper is to present a new universal Current-mode biquad capable of providing all the five basic filter functions, namely, low pass (LP), Band pass (BP), high pass (HP), Band reject (BR) and all pass (AP) from the same configuration using only three Z - copy current follower transconductance amplifiers (ZC-CFTA) along with the provision of independent electronic tunability of the filter parameters f0 and Q0 (or bandwidth) through two separate DC bias currents while employing both grounded capacitors as desirable for integrated circuit implementation. The workability of the proposed structure is verified by PSPICE simulations based on CMOS implementation of the ZC-CFTA.
KeywordsAnalog circuits, current mode circuits, Z-copy current follower transconductance amplifier (ZC-CFTA), universal filters, CMOS circuits
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2012, vol. 21, č. 1, s. 273-280. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2012/1