Two-Element PIFA Array Structure for Polarization Diversity in UMTS Mobile Phones
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In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility to strongly modify the radiated fields of a UMTS handset by using a phased two-element PIFA array. The structure is composed of a 100x40 mm2 metallic ground plane acting as the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) of the mobile phone. Two UMTS PIFAs are located at the top edge of this PCB. They are fed by a double Quasi-Lumped Coupler able to provide a 360° phase difference between its two outputs. By properly choosing the DC bias of the double QuasiLumped Coupler, we can set a specific phase difference between the two PIFAs. In this way the two-element array is able to radiate different electromagnetic fields. Simulated and measured radiation patterns in the two main planes of the chassis are presented for different phase differences. It is especially revealed that the novel twoantenna structure is able to radiate vertically-polarized electric fields in the azimuthal plane of the phone and horizontally-polarized electric fields in the same plane when changing the phase shift between the antennas from 0° to 180°. Potential applications are polarization-diversity techniques and Specific Absorption Rate reduction for handsets.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2009, vol. 18, č. 4, s. 407-412. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2009/4