Quantum Description of Optical Devices Used in Interferometry
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A quantum-mechanical description of the phase shifters, retarders, mirrors and beam splitters is given in the paper. The description is then applied on two types of states. On a coherent state, a classical-like state, and on a number state, hence the strict quantum state. The quantum description of a beam splitter can be found in the literature. However the description does not treat with the polarization concept. The paper is aimed to introduce quantum description of an arbitrary oriented retarder and give a description of a beam splitter which treats with the polarization.
KeywordsPhase shifter, retarder, beam splitter, polarization, coherent state, number state, Jones calculus
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2007, vol. 16, č. 3, s. 1-6. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2007/3