Strengthening under Load: Numerical Study of Flexural Buckling of Columns
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The paper refers to the strengthening of doubly symmetric columns under load by welded plates. A validated numerical study containing more than 500 models was performed to question the currently used design procedures. These procedures are not unified but vary greatly in different countries. The overly conservative design approach used in the Czech Republic contrasts with the approach completely neglecting the effect of preload commonly used in the USA. The effect of various parameters on the flexural buckling resistance of columns strengthened under load was investigated. The selected parameters were the thickness of the strengthening flange, the column length, the initial bow imperfection, the preload magnitude and the direction of the axis which is pinned while the other axis is fixed. Several conclusions were reached from provided results and a simple analytical method is proposed. The load under which the column is strengthened weakens the column but only slightly.
KeywordsColumn, experiment, finite element analysis, parametric study, steel, strengthening under load
Document typePeer reviewed
SourceProcedia Engineering. 2017, vol. 190, issue 1, p. 118-125.