DOA Estimation of Multiple LFM Sources Using a STFT-based and FBSS-based MUSIC Algorithm
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Direction of arrival (DOA) estimation is an important problem in array signal processing. An effective multiple signal classification (MUSIC) method based on the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and forward/ backward spatial smoothing (FBSS) techniques for the DOA estimation problem of multiple time-frequency (t-f) joint LFM sources is addressed. Previous work in the area e. g. STFT-MUSIC algorithm cannot resolve the t-f completely or largely joint sources because they can only select the single-source t-f points. The proposed method con¬structs the spatial t-f distributions (STFDs) by selecting the multiple-source t-f points and uses the FBSS techniques to solve the problem of rank loss. In this way, the STFT-FBSS-MUSIC algorithm can resolve the t-f largely joint or completely joint LFM sources. In addition, the proposed algorithm also owns pretty low computational complexity when resolving multiple LFM sources because it can reduce the times of the feature decomposition and spectrum search. The performance of the proposed method is compared with that of the existing t-f based MUSIC algorithms through computer simulations and the results show its good performance.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2017 vol. 26, č. 4, s. 1126-1137. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2017/4