Synthesis and Characterization of Porous Sulfur/MWCNTs Composites with Improved Performance and Safety as Cathodes for Li-S Batterie
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Sulfur-carbon (S-C-MWCNTs) composites and sulfur-LiFePO4 (S-LFP-MWCNTs) composites were synthesised with MWCNTs additive by sulfur sublimation and solid state reaction. As prepared materials are characterized with scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, FTIR, elemental analysis, XPS, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge tests. The composite S-LFP cathode with MWCNTs additive shows improved discharge capacity and performance. It shows an initial discharge capacity of 1167 mAh/g-sulfur, or 70% of theoretical capacity. The discharge capacity measured after 20 cycles for S-LFP-MWCNTs composite cathode was 80% of the initial capacity and remained stable. After 160 charge/discharge tests, the cathode displays a stable capacity of 561 mAh/g-sulfur at the C-rate of 0.2 C. Combination of sulfur, LiFePO4 and MWCNTs prevents aggregation and volume change of the cathode particles and improves the conductivity and electrochemical stability during the long-term cycling. 3-D FTIR spectroscopy measurements confirmed improved chemical stability and safety of sulfur composites also at higher temperatures.
Document typePeer reviewed
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SourceINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE. 2018, vol. 13, issue 1, p. 551-562.