Localization Using Joint AOD and RSS Method in Massive MIMO System
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In this research, we propose to estimate location of mobile users by using joint angle of departure (AOD) from base station (BS) and received signal strength (RSS) at user equipment (UE) method. The location estimation (LE) is performed at each UE by using massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system at the BS, which transmits specially design MIMO-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) beamforming signals. Since the estimation is done independently at each UE, the number of UEs in the area does not affect the performance and calculation complexity of the LE. To improve the practicality of the proposed method, we also design the beamforming signals with reduced peak to average power ratio (PAPR) by using random subcarrier-beamforming angle allocation method. The results show that the proposed method generally has lower estimation error than that of the AOD-only and the RSS-only LE methods across various UEs’ locations. The proposed beamforming signal method can also significantly reduce PAPR of the transmitted signal.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2019 vol. 28, č. 4, s. 749-756. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2019/4