Shielded Micro-Coplanar CRLH TL Zeroth-Order Resonator Antenna: Critical Performance Evaluation
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The attention of this paper is focused on the four unit cell zeroth-order resonator antenna (ZORA), manufactured on a shielded micro-coplanar composite right/left-handed (CRLH) transmission line structure. The antenna was designed to achieve a broadside patch-type radiation pattern. The dimensions of the antenna element follow: 15.6 x 9.35 x 3.1 mm (i.e. 0.27 x 0.16 x 0.05 λ0 at the measured zeroth-order resonance f0 = 5.14 GHz) with the shielded plane of the size of 60 x 40 mm (approx. 1.0 x 0.7 λ0). The measured gain and the antenna efficiency are equal to 4.6 dBi and 48 %, respectively. The performance of the proposed ZORA is subject to critical evaluation based on the comparison with the reference quarter-wavelength patch antenna (QWPA) that has the same dimensions. It has been found that ZORA provides comparable or even better parameters to those of QWPA, except of the bandwidth, which is much narrower in case of ZORA. In comparison to QWPA, the main advantage of the proposed ZORA might be then seen in the possibility to produce the entire ZORA structure by means of the integrated microstrip technology with air bridges. In contrary to it, the fabrication of the QWPA requires the use of either the foam substrate or plastic support pins or the application of ridged self-supporting metal plates.
KeywordsAntenna efficiency, composite right/left-handed transmission line, patch antenna, radiation efficiency, zeroth-order resonator
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2009, vol. 18, č. 4, s. 368-372. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2009/4