Analysis of Fired Equipment within the Framework of Low-Cost Modelling Systems
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Fired equipment suffers from local overloading and fouling of heat transfer surfaces, products are not of the required quality, and operating costs are increased due to the high pressure drop of process fluids. Such operational issues are affected by the non-uniform distribution of fluid flow and heat flux variability. Detailed numerical analyses are often applied to troubleshoot these problems. However, is this common practice effective? Is it not better to prevent problems from occurring by using quality equipment design? It is, according to the general consensus. Still, the experience of designing fired apparatuses reveals that the established standards do not reflect the real maldistribution sufficiently. In addition, as found from the given overview of modelling approaches, the radiant chamber and the convection section are usually analysed separately without significant continuity. A comprehensive framework is hence introduced. The proposed procedure clearly defines the interconnection of traditional thermal-hydraulic calculations and low-cost modelling systems for radiant and convection sections. A suitable combination of simplified methods allows for the reliable design of complex equipment and fast identification of problematic areas. The utilisation of selected low-cost models, i.e., the second phase of the systematic framework, is presented regarding the example of a steam boiler.
Keywordssimplified methods, design procedure, convection section, radiant section, flow distribution, heat flux distribution, boiler
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceENERGIES. 2019, vol. 12, issue 3, p. 520:1-520:17.