Determination of static transmission error of helical gears using finite element analysis
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2-WP07-005 (TN01000026/2-V18) - At present, increasing emphasis is being placed on low noise levels, especially in the automotive industry. One of the dominant sources of noise (and vibration) in vehicles (with an electric motor as well as an internal combustion engine) is the transmission system. In order to effectively reduce vibration and noise of gears and transmission systems, some important gear parameters should be determined / measured. One of these parameters is the static transmission error, which is addressed in this article. The evaluated parameter is the peak-to-peak value of the transmission error, which appears to be closely related to NVH (Noise Vibration and Harshness). The transmission error depends, inter alia, on the tooth macrogeometry (expressed by the contact ratio) and the tooth microgeometry (intentional tooth modifications), the influence of both has been analyzed and is presented in this article. The transmission error can be determined by virtual measurement (computationally) in software enabling finite element analysis or by technical experiments on a test rig. The results in this paper are based on the outputs of numerical simulations using the finite element method. This approach can be used at developing phase to find the optimal solution and to save a lot of time. In addition, no physical components are required and a wide range of arbitrary gear configurations can be analyzed. Nevertheless, the technical experiment is still necessary, thus the test rig will be designed/constructed in the near future, including the possibility of lubrication. The results will then be compared with numerical simulations.
Keywordsstatic transmission error, helical gears, gear mesh, contact ratio, gear teeth modifications, tip relief, root relief, FEA, FEM, numerical simulations.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceJournal of Measurements in Engineering. 2020, vol. 8, issue 4, p. 167-181.