Anodic TiO2 Nanotubes on 3D-Printed Titanium Meshes for Photocatalytic Applications
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In this work, large 3D Ti meshes fabricated by direct ink writing were wirelessly anodized for the first time to prepare highly photocatalytically active TiO2 nanotube (TNT) layers. The use of bipolar electrochemistry enabled the fabrication of TNT layers within the 3D Ti meshes without the establishment of an electrical contact between Ti meshes and the potentiostat, confirming its unique ability and advantage for the synthesis of anodic structures on metallic substrates with a complex geometry. TNT layers with nanotube diameters of up to 110 nm and thicknesses of up to 3.3 mu m were formed. The TNT-layer-modified 3D Ti meshes showed a superior performance for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue in comparison to TiO2-nanoparticle-decorated and nonanodized Ti meshes (with a thermal oxide layer), resulting in multiple increases in the dye degradation rate. The results presented here open new horizons for the employment of anodized 3D Ti meshes in various flow-through (photo)catalytic reactors.
KeywordsTiO2 nanotube layers, bipolar electrochemistry, 3D Ti mesh, 3D printing, direct ink writing, photocatalysis
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceNano Letters. 2021, vol. 21, issue 20, p. 8701-8706.