Determination of the Composite Panel Moulding Pressure Value
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Currently, prefabricated panel structures are typical products made of polymeric composite materials. The integrity of the composite panels, their structure and accuracy of making a contour are largely associated with the manifestation of residual technological stresses. The above phenomena and associated stress-strain behaviour inevitably occur in the process of moulding of the composite products. However, their value, nature, time of occurrence and dynamics of growth can be fully controlled and regulated. The paper deals with the study of the effect of moulding pressure on the quality of a composite product. A dependence is presented that allows us to determine the time for the degassing of the polymeric composite material package at the given temperature and pressure to obtain a monolithic and nonporous structure. It is shown that the peak of the maximum volatile-matter yield for the considered binder types lies in the temperature range where the degree of curing does not exceed 10%; that is, the viscosity values do not prevent the removal of volatile fractions. The effect of moulding pressure on the values of the volume content of the reinforcing material has been studied, and the dependence of the required thickness of the absorbent layer on the parameters of the package of polymer composite material and pressure has been obtained. The dependence of the required thickness of absorbent layer on the parameters of the package of polymeric composite material and pressure has been obtained. The mathematical model developed by us provides an opportunity to predict the stress-strain behaviour of a composite structure at any time during the moulding process. The model is closely related to chemo-viscous and thermal models. It allowed us to synthetize a method for choosing the rational parameters of the moulding process (temperature, pressure, and time), materials of additional layers and equipment. The experiments proved the presence of several defects, such as de-lamination of edges, waviness, swelling and poor adhesion of upper layers in the specimen of the composite panel cooled stepwise in the absence of the vacuum pressure. The surface quality of the specimen of the panel cooled stepwise under vacuum pressure was significantly better, and no visible defects were observed. The obtained theoretical values of deflections, considering the change in physic-mechanical characteristics that depend on the temperature and rheonomic properties of the material, showed an error that did not exceed 7%, compared to the experimental data. Our results can be applied at the enterprises engaged in designing and manufacturing panel structures of polymeric composite materials.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourcePolymers. 2022, vol. 14, issue 12, p. 1-17.