Optical Splitters Based on Self-Imaging Effect in Multi-Mode Waveguide Made by Ion Exchange in Glass
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Design and modeling of single mode optical multi-mode interference structures with graded refractive index is reported. Several samples of planar optical channel waveguides were obtained by Ag+<->Na+ and K+<->Na+ one step thermal ion exchange process in molten salt on GIL49 glass substrate and new special optical glass for ion exchange technology. Waveguide properties were measured by optical mode spectroscopy. Obtained data were used for further design and modeling of single mode channel waveguide and subsequently for the design of 1 to 3 multimode interference power splitter in order to improve simulation accuracy. Designs were developed by utilizing finite difference beam propagation method.
KeywordsIon exchange, glass substrate, single mode channel waveguide, power splitter, multi-mode interference.
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2013, vol. 22, č. 1, s. 352-356. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2013/1