An Energy Efficient MAC Protocol for QoS Provisioning in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks
MetadataShow full item record
The explosive growth in the use of real-time applications on mobile devices has resulted in new challenges to the design of medium access control (MAC) protocols for ad hoc networks. In this paper, we propose an energy efficient cognitive radio (CR) MAC protocol for QoS provisioning called ECRQ-MAC, which integrate the spectrum sensing at physical (PHY) layer and the channel-timeslots allocation at MAC layer. We consider the problem of providing QoS guarantee to CR users as well as to maintain the most efficient use of scarce bandwidth resources. The ECRQ-MAC protocol exploits the advantage of both multiple channels and TDMA, and achieves aggressive power savings by allowing CR users that are not involved in communication to go into sleep mode. The proposed ECRQ-MAC protocol allows CR users to identify and use the unused frequency spectrum of licensed band in a way that constrains the level of interference to the primary users (PUs). Our scheme improves network throughput significantly, especially when the network is highly congested. The simulation results show that our proposed protocol successfully exploits multiple channels and significantly improves network performance by using the licensed spectrum opportunistically and protects QoS provisioning over cognitive radio ad hoc networks.
KeywordsCognitive radio, multichannel MAC, energy efficiency, QoS, ad hoc networks, frequency spectrum, TDMA, channel sensing
Document typePeer reviewed
Document versionFinal PDF
SourceRadioengineering. 2010, vol. 19, č. 4, s. 567-578. ISSN 1210-2512
- 2010/4